Owain Glyndŵr’s Parliament House, Machynlleth

Tudor Rose logo with link to more information pageLink to Welsh translationLink to Welsh translation

Owain Glyndŵr’s Parliament House, Machynlleth

In 1404 Owain Glyndŵr convened a parliament here. The building we see today probably dates from c.1460, and may incorporate some features of an earlier structure. The roof trusses are among the surviving medieval features.

David Davies MP, grandson of the great Welsh industrialist of the same name, recognised the site’s historical importance and bought the dilapidated building, which had undergone various changes, in 1906. He rebuilt it to restore a 15th-century appearance and gave the building to the public in 1912. Among the first groups to meet here was Cymreigyddion Cyfeiliog, devoted to the study and appreciation of Welsh-language culture.

David Davies regarded the building as a memorial to Glyndŵr and commissioned the large mural you can see inside. Some say the MP had his own face painted as Glyndŵr’s face in the mural!

Today the Grade 1-listed building is a visitor centre with exhibitions and activities based on Glyndŵr’s rebellion and other aspects of the 15th century. You can read more about him and the rebellion on our page about his statue in Corwen, his home town.

Glyndŵr controlled most of Wales when he held parliament in Machynlleth in 1404. There, according to tradition, envoys from Scotland, France and Castile (now part of Spain) watched his coronation as Prince of Wales – a title which since the 13th century had been conferred on the first son of the English king.

After the rebellion ended in 1409, another 590 years were to pass before another Welsh parliament was convened, in the form of the National Assembly for Wales.

Another rebel leader, Henry Tudor, passed through Machynlleth in 1485, when the Parliament House was probably recently built. Henry had landed in Pembrokeshire after exile in France and his army was marching through Wales, gathering strength, before overthrowing King Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth. The new king, Henry VII, established the Tudor dynasty which profoundly influenced British history.

On 14 August Henry wrote a letter at Machynlleth to request more men for his army. The letter was to Sir Roger Kynaston, a major owner of land in Shropshire. Sir Roger was also temporarily in charge of the estates of his nephew, John Grey, Lord Powis, who was away from home at the time. With Sir Roger on his side, Henry was able to continue across Powys unopposed.

Postcode: SY20 8EE    View Location Map

Website of the Owain Glyndŵr Centre – for opening hours and other information

Henry Tudor’s route to Bosworth  Tour Label Navigation previous buttonNavigation next button
National Cycle Network Label Navigation previous buttonNavigation next button