The Bulkeley Arms and Uxbridge Square, Menai Bridge
The Bulkeley Arms & Uxbridge Square, Menai Bridge
The Bulkeley Arms stands on one side of Uxbridge Square in the centre of Menai Bridge and takes its name from the Bulkeley family of gentry, who resided in Baron Hill, near Beaumaris. The family moved to Beaumaris from Bulkeley near Cheadle (between Chester and Whitchurch), in Cheshire.
King Edward I granted Beaumaris its charter in 1296 as part of his campaign to assert English authority over Wales. From that time there was a deliberate effort to strengthen the English hold on Beaumaris by attracting settlers as burgesses of the town from such counties as Shropshire and Lancashire, but particularly Cheshire. The Bulkeley family came to Beaumaris in the first half of the 15th century and became the most influential of the English families in the area, living first at Henblas and then in Baron Hill in the 17th century. There is a Bulkeley Hotel in Beaumaris itself.
Uxbridge Square commemorates another family of gentry. In the 18th century this junction was called Fingerpost, then Bulkeley Square (after the inn). In 1896 it was named Uxbridge Square after the Earl of Uxbridge (1768-1854), previously Lord Paget. He had led one of the charges and lost a leg at the battle of Waterloo in 1815.
In recognition of his leadership, he was created Marquis of Anglesey in 1815 and given the land on which he erected Plas Newydd. Now a National Trust stately home, Plas Newydd is on the bank of the Menai Strait 2km south of Llanfair Pwllgwyngyll (or Llanfairpwll), where a column was erected in his honour in 1816. The column stands 27 metres tall. He is also commemorated by the name of The Anglesey Arms hotel, beside the Menai Suspension Bridge.
With thanks to Professor Hywel Wyn Owen, of the Welsh Place-Name Society
Postcode: LL59 5DF