Medieval court house, Caerphilly

button-theme-crimeMedieval court house, Caerphilly

This building, now The Courthouse pub, dates from the 14th century. Previously court sessions were held in the gatehouse of Caerphilly Castle.

Accounts from 1429 record how the court house was repaired at a cost of over 30 shillings. Hywel ap Gruffudd Fychan (or Vaughan) was contracted to haul timber to the site using his oxen. Carpenters rebuilt the roof beams and 1,000 earth tiles were fitted. The job needed 1,000 laths (wooden beams) and 2,000 lath nails. Dafydd ab Ieuan Hen (hen = old) was paid sixpence for a day’s work using his horse to carry sand to the site.

Prisoners continued to be kept in the castle. The 1429 accounts record that two iron fetters for the castle (for clamping around prisoners’ feet) were also supplied.

The building was enlarged in the 17th and 19th centuries. It was used as a house by members of the Price family, which had used proceeds from ironmaking interests to build a mansion known as Plas Watford (near the southern end of Watford Road) in the 18th century.

Inside The Courthouse you can see two large fireplaces, back to back, beneath ancient beams. There is also a display of cheese-making equipment. When the building first opened as a pub, a farmer named Tegwen Evans used to make Caerphilly Cheese here.

Postcode: CF83 1FN    View Location Map

Sources include the National Library of Wales

Website of The Courthouse

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