Slavery history

button-theme-slavesSlavery history

Use the list below to discover how places in Wales are connected with the history of slavery. The stories can also be accessed on your mobile by scanning our QR codes at each location.

We are adding more stories to the list – please check the page again later.

Further reading:
Legacies of British Slave-ownership website - information and database about slave owners
Slave Wales, The Welsh and Atlantic Slavery 1660-1850, by Chris Evans, University of Wales Press, 2010
Transatlantic Abolitionism website - maps venues where ex-slaves from USA gave talks


Slave owners
Bangor - Richard Pennant rebuilt Penrhyn Castle with some of the proceeds of Jamaican sugar procution using hundreds of slaves
Rhyl - a vicar changed his name so he could inherit Caribbean estates and slaves
Llangernyw, Conwy CB - Hafodunos Hall rebuilt by Henry Sandbach, compensated with £15m in today’s money for freed slaves
Swansea - slave-owner and copper magnate Pascoe Grenfell built a mansion on the side of Kilvey Hill
Chepstow - Piercefield was owned by two unrelated slave-owners. One had an enslaved mother and achieved high office locally

The anti-slavery movement
Brecon - in 1826 residents agreed to petition Parliament on the “unjust, cruel” use of slaves

American slavery
Conwy - preacher Samuel Roberts voiced complex views on slavery while living in Tennessee in 1860s
Swansea - Jessie Donaldson and relatives ran safe houses in Ohio to help fugitive slaves